Creative arts therapies are based on the premise that when someone works creatively under the guidance of a qualified therapist, they become more expressive and communicative. This raises their awareness of issues and brings impetus for change. The creative work can involve music, art, dance, movement, and other creative activities. Some of these are described in more detail below.
What is music therapy?
According to the American Music Therapy Association (AMTA):
"Music therapy is the clinical and evidence-based use of music to accomplish individualized goals within a therapeutic relationship by a credentialed professional who has completed an approved music therapy program" (2008).
A music therapist utilizes music to address the emotional/psychological, cognitive, physical, and social needs of the client.
What is art therapy?
The American Art Therapy Association, Inc. states:
"Art therapy is a mental health profession that uses the creative process of art making to improve and enhance the physical, mental, and emotional wellbeing of individuals of all ages" (2008).
The premise is that the creative process allows for artistic self-expression which helps individuals solve conflicts, manage behavior, improve self-esteem, develop self-awareness and insight, manage stress, and develop interpersonal skills. The art therapy process integrates theories of human development, the use of visual arts, and the process of creating.
What is dance/movement therapy?
The American Dance Therapy Association defines dance/movement therapy as:
"The psychotherapeutic use of movement to further the emotional, cognitive, physical, and social integration of the individual" (2008).
Dance/movement therapists use communicative, expressive, and adaptive behaviors and interactions in treating both groups and individuals.
For the full Article : http://www.takingcharge.csh.umn.edu/explore-healing-practices/creative-therapies