Though summer is time for more leisure activities, fun, and vacations, the health condition should not be taken lightly that can be affected by the summer heat. Young ones and older ones need to consider the health effects of the summer heat such as heat stroke (as the most fatal) and those other related injuries caused by the summer heat such as cramps caused by lack of water intake, nausea and weakness as well as headaches caused by exhaustion due to the summer heat.
Further, the seniors are more prone to these heat-related diseases because they are more insensitive to heat compared to the younger ones. They are most likely unnoticing the signs of warning of these heat-related diseases or injuries. It is because as a person becomes older, the response of the body to temperatures that are higher also changes.
The following are 10 summer health tips dedicated for the seniors or the elderly to beat the heat: 1) Reduce strenous activities. When the heat rises to high temperatures, seniors should be kept at cool places out from the sun such as air-conditioned rooms. They should also be advised to lessen their strenous, physical activities because the more they perform movements, the higher the body temperature will rise.
2) Keep hydrating. Seniors should have plenty of water intake like 4-8 glasses a day even though they do not feel thirsty. It is recommended also to minimize their intake of alcohol and caffeinated drinks, grab a glass of water or any sports drink instead. Also, eating fresh fruits and vegetables can help hydrate the body as well as keeping the body healthy. In order to know that there is proper hydration, the urine must already be in clear color.
3) Avoid too much of sun. Use sunblock with at least SPF 15 or higher when going outdoors especially for prolonged length of time , even for cloudy or hazy days.
4) Wear a cool dress. To avoid heat-related injuries, seniors must wear a cool clothing, light colored ones and loose lightweight dress to help in maintaining the normal body temperature.
5) When going outdoors also, put on more layers of cloths and when going indoors turn on the air conditioning and other ventilating equipments to prevent the body from experiencing too much temperature changes.
6) When planning for an outing or picnic with the seniors coming along, prefer places with cool shades and ventilation such as covered places and shaded trees to conduct your fun activities with the seniors.
7) A time for ice cream scream. Give everyone, even the seniors, a cool treat like ice creams, popsicles, and any other frozen refreshing treats to keep everyone cool during the hot season.
8) According to www.comfortkeepers.com: "Beware of medications and/or senior diets that can increase risk - Hot weather can accelerate dehydration, especially in people who are taking medications that have the side effects of fluid and electrolyte loss. Many medications, particularly antibiotics and diuretics can block the body's natural ability to cope with the sun and heat. You should always check with a pharmacist or doctor to ensure that medications will not cause you or your loved ones to be more susceptible to heat-related problems. Also, if seniors are on a low carbohydrate diet, be sure they drink plenty of fluids, as the additional proteins in this diet can cause the body to heat up more quickly."
9) Have someone to keep the senior's safety at all times like a neighbor to check on them daily while you are out of the house and also provide your seniors with relevant contact numbers in times of emergency.
10) If ever you observe signs of heat exhaustion or dehydration such as weakness, nausea, no or heavy sweating, rapid pulse, and/orfainting, move immediately the affected senior to the nearest cool shade and provide with ventilation and hydrants like cool juice or water. Also, you can help increase the cool by applying cold compress and calling for medical assistance as soon as it is necessary.
Sources: www.comfortkeepers.com http://www.seniorcare-stl.com/index.php/senior-care-excessive-heat-in-the-summer/