Effluerage originates around 1885-90 from the French word, effleur, meaning “to stroke as one would a flower” (i.e., lightly). In massage, this is the opening massage technique and it is used to relax and warm up the muscles by using a gliding stroke.
Effluerage is a soothing motion, often done in circular motions over the skin. Variation in rhythm or speed of the motion may produce relaxing sensations when performed slowly with light pressure and pain-relieving when performed more quickly with stronger pressure. Effleurage is intended to be a light massage; however, different pressures can stimulate the skin: stronger pressure improves circulation and a combination of light and more intense pressure creates a soothing, pain-relieving massage.